Each nation has its own flag. The national flag of korea is called Taegeukgi.
Taegukgi has three parts. It is very simple. but the flag is a symbol of korean's spirit, culture and history. First, It has a white background. in the middle, red and blue taegeuk and four black trigrams in each corner of the flag.
The Korean flag shows the perfect beauty of balance and harmony. In other words, the korea flag is rich in philosophical symbolism. The white background symbolises "cleanliness of the people." The Taegeuk represents the origin of all things in the universe. Together, they represent a continuous movement within infinity. The flag has the taegeuk circle of yin and yang -blue on the bottom and red on the top. Traditionally, the four trigrams are related to the Five Elements of fire, water, earth, wood, and metal.
The yin-yang circle, divided equally into a blue portion below and a red portion above, represents the dual cosmic forces of yin (blue) and yang (red). It symbolizes universal harmony, in which the passive and the active, the feminine and the masculine, form the whole. The four trigrams of Geon, Gon, Gam, and Li, which surround the yin-yang circle, denote the process of yin and yang going through a series of changes and growth.
Geon, with three solid bars in the upper left-hand corner, denotes "heaven". Gon , with three evenly divided bars in the lower right-hand corner, denotes "earth". Gam , with one evenly divided bar on each side of one solid bar in the upper right-hand corner, denotes "water". And Li , with one solid bar on each side of one evenly divided bar in the lower left-hand corner, denotes"fire".
Collectively, the yin-yang circle and the four trigrams represent universal harmony and unity. Taegeukgi embodies the ideals of all Koreans, who have pursued creativity and prosperity under universal principles and truth.
Therefore, Koreans are dedicated to working harmoniously to carry out the nation's tasks of unifying its people and contributing toward world peace and prosperity.
The flag was designed by King Gojong or Pak Young-hyo in 1882, and Taegeukgi was adopted as the national flag of Joseon Dynasty on March 6, 1883. During the colonial era, the flag was banned. The Taegeukgi was used as a symbol of resistance and independence during that time and ownership of it was punishable by execution. After independence, both North and South Korea initially adopted versions of the Taegeukgi, but North Korea later changed its national flag to a more Soviet-inspired design after three years. The Constituent Assembly of the Republic of Korea (South Korea) has officially adopted the Taegeukgi as the national flag since July 12, 1948. After the establishment of the government of the Republic of Korea, "The Rules for the flag of the Republic of Korea" was first enacted.
Standard color shades of Taegeukgi, the Korean National Flag are follows: in the CIE System, the x, y, and Y coordinates for the red are x=0.5640, y=0.3194, Y=15.3; for the blue, x=0.1556, y=0.1354, Y=6.5. Alternatively, in the Munsell System of Color Notation, the red corresponds to 6.0R 4.5/14, and the blue to 5.0PB 3.0/12. In the Pantone Matching System, 186C red and 294C blue are recommended.
동해 물과 백두산이 마르고 닳도록 하느님이 보우하사 우리나라 만세 무궁화 삼천리 화려강산 대한 사람 대한으로 길이 보전하세
남산 위에 저 소나무 철갑을 두른 듯 바람서리 불변함은 우리 기상일세 무궁화 삼천리 화려강산 대한 사람 대한으로 길이 보전하세
가을 하늘 공활한데 높고 구름 없이 밝은 달은 우리 가슴 일편단심일세 무궁화 삼천리 화려강산 대한 사람 대한으로 길이 보전하세
이 기상과 이 맘으로 충성을 다하여 괴로우나 즐거우나 나라 사랑하세 무궁화 삼천리 화려강산 대한 사람 대한으로 길이 보전하세
나는 자랑스러운 태극기 앞에 자유롭고 정의로운 대한민국의 무궁한 영광을 위하여 충성을 다할 것을 굳게 다짐합니다.